Croatia lies along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea and shares a border with Yugoslavia (Montenegro and Serbia), Bosnia & Herzegovina, Hungary, and Slovenia. The republic swings around like a boomerang from the Pannonian Plains of Slavonia between the Sava, Drava, and Danube Rivers, across hilly, central Croatia to the Istrian Peninsula, then south through Dalmatia along the rugged Adriatic coast. Croatia is made up of 20 counties, plus the city of Zagreb and controls 1,185 islands in the Adriatic Sea, 67 of which are inhabited.
Area: 56,538 sq. km with an additional 31,067 km2 of territorial waters.
Length of coast: 5,835 km - including 4,058 km of island, islet and reef coastline.
Major cities (2001 census est.): Capital - Zagreb, approx. 780,000 inhabitants (including suburbs some one million) - the administrative, cultural, academic and communication centre of the country, Split (200,000), Rijeka (168,000), Osijek (130,000).
Terrain: Croatia is situated between central and eastern Europe. Its terrain is diverse, containing rocky coastlines, densely wooded mountains, plains, lakes and rolling hills.
Climate: Croatia has a mixture of climates. In the north it is continental, Mediterranean along the coast and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.
Largest islands: Krk 410 km2, Cres 404 km2, Brac 396 km2, Hvar 298 km2.
Number of islands, islets and reefs: 1,185. The largest islands are those of Krk and Cres.
There are 67 inhabited islands.
Location: Both a Mediterranean and a Central European country with the following neighbouring countries: Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina (no shared border with Albania or Kosovo), Italy (maritime border). Most of the country is mountainous or hilly. There are many islands off the coast.
Population: 4.44 million, comprising about 90% Croats, 4.5% Serbs, 0.4% both Italians and Hungarians, just under 3,000 Germans as well as others (Slovaks, Slovenes, Bosniacs, Czechs, Albanians, Ruthenes, Romas, Macedonians).
The population is concentrated in the north and along the coast. Many Croats live abroad.
Language: Croatian; in areas where there are large ethnic minorities, Serbian, Italian and Hungarian are also official languages.
Religion: Almost 90% Roman Catholic, 4% Serb Orthodox, 1% Muslim.
Maps of Croatian cities and regions
Interactive map of Croatia roads